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Just recieved this email, I'm supirsed fluke didn't make the list!

New 'red list' seeks to stave off global seafood collapse
by Jeremy Hance, Mongabay.com
March 3, 2008


Over-fishing and destructive fishing practices have had a considerable
effect on oceanic ecosystems. In 2006 a highly-reported study found that

without drastic measures all wild seafood will disappear from the oceans

in 50 years. Greenpeace, working against such a crash, has started a
campaign that highlights 'red fish'. The twenty-two 'red' species are
seafood that consumers and suppliers (including supermarkets) should
avoid due to their plummeting populations and/or the damage caused by
harvesting them.

Greenpeace uses five different gauges to establish their 'red' fish: 1)
the status of the fish, whether they are threatened or endangered; 2) if

destructive fishing methods are used, like bottom trawling, which harms
the ecosystem; 3) if harvesting the fish has negative impact on
non-target species through by-catch; 4) fish which are caught illegally
by unregulated fishing operations, often called pirate fishing; 5) and
if the fishery involved negatively impacts on local communities
dependent on fishing. Phil Kline, an oceans campaigner for Greenpeace,
stated that the species had to have low-marks in just one area to avoid
the list; he added that "the list could be a whole lot longer, however
we think it's important to try and address the worst of the worst
first."

In an interview with Mongabay.com Kline said that the fish most
threatened by population collapse are the Atlantic Halibut, the
Monkfish, all sharks, and the Blue Fin Tuna, which he described as "the
poster child for stock depletion". Most of the depletion of shark
population is due to the finning trade, where sharks have the fins
caught off while the rest of the body is thrown back into the sea. The
fins are used in an extremely popular and expensive Chinese delicacy
called shark-fin soup. Sharks as by-catch is adding even more pressure
on the populations. Kline stated that since sharks have long gestation
periods and produce few young they are particularly vulnerable.

The Hoki, Atlantic Sea Scallops, Orange Roughy, and the Alaskan Pollock
made the list due to destructive fishing practices, including by-catch
and bottom-trawling. By-catch means the fish, mammals, reptiles, and
birds that are caught by fisheries in pursuit of target species.
Bottom-trawling and other practices greatly damage the environment.
Fishing the Hoki, or Blue Grenadier, comes with a high yield of fur
seals as by-catch, including the endangered southern fur seal. Orange
Roughy stocks are highly depleted (it is on the Endangered Species list
in Australia) and bottom trawling is the only way to catch the fish.

Populations of Atlantic Sea Scallop are abundant, but catching them
destroys habitat; "it actually cuts into the very first inches of sea
floor," Kline says. Additionally the Atlantic Sea Scallop fishery
impacts the population of Loggerhead Sea Turtles (already listed as
endangered by the IUCN) during their annual migration. Kline says that
the recorded by-catch is "close to 860 Loggerhead Sea Turtles in a year,

although we are pretty sure that's an underestimation." He adds that
many by-catches go unrecorded. Since they only happen during the
turtles' migration Kline says that the problem would be "easy to
change"-simply don't allow Atlantic Sea Scallop fishing during the
turtle's migration.

The Alaskan Pollock industry proves just as problematic. Comprising the
world's largest fishery, the pursuit of this fish causes tremendous
amounts of by-catch in species across the ecosystem. Last year "160,000
King Salmon were caught as by-catch," Kline says, "30,000 of these were
King Salmon that didn't go back up the Yukon river." The King Salmon of
the Yukon River are a source of food for native populations, who closed
their fishing on the river due to lack of fish. "No-where in management
plans do we budget for marine mammals, birds and other fish that are
killed as by-catch" says Kline and the Alaskan Pollock fisheries has
already caused "catastrophic declines of animals", including the
Northern Fur Seal, which is classified as endangered.

In its current campaign Greenpeace is aggressively pursuing supermarkets

to stop carrying these 'red species'. Their website states: "The public
shouldn't have to bear the burden of checking seafood red and green
lists. Instead, we will start at the source. Supermarkets need to remove

the worst fish from their counters." Considering the devastating impact
industrial fishing on the ocean, Mongabay.com asked Phil Kline if we had

reached a point where seafood should be avoided altogether by consumers.

"It's not a position that the organization has put out," he said, "but
it is between you, and me, and people who are educated on this issue a
very reasonable position to have. It is certainly a fool's mission to
encourage eating more seafood." He added that "there are some fisheries
in some areas that are very well managed, I can see no reason to tell
people not to eat fish from those fisheries, and there are communities
that depend on their small-scale fishing industry." Kline has a rare
perspective on the fishing industry, since for thirty years he was a
commercial fisherman. He says that "watching us deplete the oceans
turned me from a fisherman to an advocate for the fish".

In addition to the red list and providing pressure on the food industry,

Greenpeace also advocates making 40% of the world's oceans no-take
zones, allowing fish populations to recover and become sustainable for
the future. The current no-take zones comprise less than 1% of the
ocean.

Twenty-two species have been listed by Greenpeace as 'red species':
suppliers and consumers should avoid these due to their detrimental
effects on the oceans:


Alaska Pollock
Atlantic Cod or Scrod
Atlantic Halibut (US and Canadian)
Atlantic Salmon (wild and farmed)
Atlantic Sea Scallop
Bluefin tuna
Big Eye Tuna
Chilean Sea Bass (also sold as Patagonia Toothfish)
Greenland Halibut (also sold as Black halibut, Atlantic turbot or
Arrowhead flounder)
Grouper (imported to the U.S.)
Hoki (also known as Blue Grenadier)
Monkfish
Ocean Quahog
Orange Roughy
Red Snapper
Redfish (also sold as Ocean Perch)
Sharks
Skates and Rays
South Atlantic Albacore Tuna
Swordfish
Tropical Shrimp (wild and farmed)
Yellowfin Tuna
 

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Alaska Pollock
Atlantic Cod or Scrod
Atlantic Halibut (US and Canadian)
Atlantic Salmon (wild and farmed)
Atlantic Sea Scallop
Bluefin tuna
Big Eye Tuna
Chilean Sea Bass (also sold as Patagonia Toothfish)
Greenland Halibut (also sold as Black halibut, Atlantic turbot or
Arrowhead flounder)
Grouper (imported to the U.S.)
Hoki (also known as Blue Grenadier)
Monkfish
Ocean Quahog
Orange Roughy
Red Snapper
Redfish (also sold as Ocean Perch)
Sharks
Skates and Rays
South Atlantic Albacore Tuna
Swordfish
Tropical Shrimp (wild and farmed)
Yellowfin Tuna


Not sure how farm raised Salmon is a part of this list as it is controlled and NJ must be the only state that still has Skate because we have all you want. I was not aware that Redfish was sold as ocean perch.
 
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